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INDUSTRY & SERVICES

PHARMACEUTICALS

Overview of Pharmaceutical Industry

The Indian Pharmaceutical Industry currently tops the chart amongst India 's science-based industries with wide ranging capabilities in the complex field of drug manufacture and technology. The Indian Pharmaceutical Industry ranks very high amongst all third world countries, in terms of technology, quality and the vast range of medicines that are manufactured.

The Pharmaceutical industry has grown from mere US$ 0.3 billion turnover in 1980 to about US$ 21.73 billion in 2009-10. The country now ranks 3 rd in terms of volume of production (10 per cent of global share) an 14 th largest by value (1.5 per cent of global share). One reason for lower value share is the lowest cost of drugs in India ranging from 5 per cent to 50 per cent less as compared to developed countries. Indian pharmaceutical industry growth has been fuelled by exports and its products are exported to a large number of countries with a sizeable share in the advanced regulated markets of the US and Western Europe .

Many Indian companies maintain highest standards in Purity, Stability and International Safety, Health and Environmental (SHE) protection in production and supply of bulk drugs even to some innovator companies. This speaks of the high quality standards maintained by a large number of Indian Pharma companies as these bulk actives are used by the buyer companies in manufacture of dosage forms which are again subjected to stringent assessment by various regulatory authorities in the importing countries. More of Indian companies are now seeking regulatory approvals in USA in specialized segments like Anti-infectives, Cardiovasculars, CNS group. Along with Brazil & PR China, India has carved a niche for itself by being a top generic Pharma player.

Increasing number of Indian pharmaceutical companies have been getting international regulatory approvals for their plants from agencies like USFDA (USA), MHRA (UK), TGA (Australia), MCC (South Africa), Health Canada etc. India has the largest number of USFDA-approved plants for generic manufacture. Considering that the pharmaceutical industry involves sophisticated technology and stringent "Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) requirements, major share of Indian Pharma exports going to highly developed western countries bears testimony to not only the excellent quality of Indian pharmaceuticals but also its price competitiveness. More than 50 per cent share of exports is by way of dosage forms. Indian companies are now seeking more Abbreviated New Drug Approvals (ANDAs) in USA in specialized segments like anti-infective, cardio vascular and central nervous system groups.

Exports

India currently exports drug intermediates, Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs), Finished Dosage Formulations (FDFs), Bio-Pharmaceuticals, Clinical Services to various parts of the world.

Export of Drugs and pharmaceuticals from 2007-08 to 2009-10 are given below:

Year

Exports
(US$ billion)

Growth
(in percent)

2007-08

6.3

14.4

2008-09

8.6

35.7

2009-10

9.1

5.9

Source: Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics (DGCIS) Kolkata

The domestic Pharma Industry

The domestic Pharma Industry has recently achieved some historic milestones through a leadership pos
ition and global presence as a world class cost effective generic drugs' manufacturer of AIDS medicines. Many Indian companies are part of an agreement where major AIDS drugs based on Lamivudine, Stavudine, Zidovudine, Nevirapine will be supplied to Mozambique, Rwanda, South Africa and Tanzania which have about 33 per cent of all people living with AIDS in Africa. Yet another US Scheme envisages sourcing Anti Retrovirals from some Indian companies whose products are already US FDA approved.

Many Indian companies maintain highest standards in Purity, Stability and International Safety, Health and Environmental (SHE) protection in production and supply of bulk drugs even to some innovator companies. This speaks of the high quality standards maintained by a large number of Indian Pharma companies as these bulk actives are used by the buyer companies in manufacture of dosage forms which are again subjected to stringent assessment by various regulatory authorities in the importing countries. More of Indian companies are now seeking regulatory approvals in USA in specialized segments like Anti-infectives, Cardiovasculars, CNS group. Along with Brazil & PR China, India has carved a niche for itself by being a top generic Pharma player.

Increasing number of Indian pharmaceutical companies have been getting international regulatory approvals for their plants from agencies like USFDA (USA), MHRA (UK), TGA (Australia), MCC (South Africa), Health Canada etc. India has the largest number of USFDA - approved plants for generic manufacture. Considering that the pharmaceutical industry involves sophisticated technology and stringent "Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) requirements, major share of Indian Pharma exports going to highly developed western countries bears testimony to not only the excellent quality of Indian pharmaceuticals but also its price competitiveness. More than 50 per cent share of exports is by way of dosage forms. Indian companies are now seeking more Abbreviated New Drug Approvals (ANDAs) in USA in specialized segments like anti-infective, cardio vascular and central nervous system groups.

 

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