• 14th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, Bengaluru
  • 14th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, Bengaluru
  • A Coffee Table publication titled, "20 Mission Drive Social Impact Innovations" produced by Economic Diplomacy Division was released by the Hon'ble Prime Minister
  • Hon'ble Prime Minister Sh. Narendra Modi felicitating the 20 innovators selected through the MEA-NITI Aayog National Social Innovation Contest.
  • Global Technology Summit 2016 Click here for details
  • Global Technology Summit 2016 Click here for details
  • Ministry of External Affairs organises India-Latin Americas and the Caribbean (LAC) Conclave in Guadalajara, Mexico to enhance economic cooperation between India and LAC countries.
  • Ministry of External Affairs organises India-Latin Americas and the Caribbean (LAC) Conclave in Guadalajara, Mexico to enhance economic cooperation between India and LAC countries.
  • Global Technology Summit 2016 Click here for details
  • National Contest on Social Innovation, Pravasi Bhartiya Divas 2017
  • The Framework Agreement of the International Solar Alliance was opened for signing on 15 November 2016. On the first day of its opening 16 countries have signed the framework agreement. More countries are expected to sign the framework agreement in the coming days.
  • MEA - ED and BM Divisions along with Cll organized the India- Myanmar Business Roundtable on 19 October 2016 in New Delhi
  • ED Division continues MEAs engagement with Africa by sponsoring the India Africa Health Sciences Meet in New Delhi
  • 18 member multi-sector delegation from Nanjing, China interacting with Shri Nagaraj Naidu, Director & HOD, ED on 16 August 2016
  • Hon'ble Minister for External Affairs chaired Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas Panel-6 on "Edu, S&T & Innovation" on 30 July 2016. The Panel discussed tech solutions for societal problems, edu for tomorrow and Start Ups.
  • Hon'ble Prime Minister inaugurated investment guides for Indian investors who wants to do business with Kenya and Mozambique during his recent tri-nation visit to Africa. The publication was brought by ED Division with support from Indian Missions in Kenya and Mozambique.
  • Indian dignitaries at the inauguration of India pavilion at INNOPROM exhibition in Yekaterinburg Russia
  • ED Division facilitated visit of a Chinese delegation led by Mr Wang Hao, Mayor of Chaoyang district of Beijing Municipality and arranged meetings with officials of Municipal Corporation of Gurgaon and FICCI on 21 June 2016. (Press Release)
  • ED Division facilitates meeting of CEO of the British Columbia Investment Management Corporation Mr Gordon Fyfe and Team with Hon'ble Transport Minister Shri Nitin Gadkari and CEO NITI Aayog Shri Amitabh Kant on 16 June 2016
  • ED Division facilitates meeting of CEO of the British Columbia Investment Management Corporation Mr Gordon Fyfe and Team with Hon'ble Minister of Finance, Shri Arun Jaitley and CEO NITI Aayog Shri Amitabh Kant on 16 June 2016
  • Inter-Ministerial Meeting on Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare Sector in Africa
  • BRICS India 2016
  • Smt. Harsimrat Kaur Badal, Minister of Food Processing & Industry briefing representatives of foreign Embassies on opportunities in food processing sector in India in a meeting facilitated by ED Division on 17 March 2016 at Panchsheel Bhawan, New Delhi.
  • Investment
  • India at a glance
  • Trade
  • Economy

Industry & Sectors

Heavy Industry

Heavy Industry in India comprises of the heavy engineering industry, machine tool industry, heavy electrical industry, industrial machinery and auto-industry.These industries provides goods and services for almost all sectors of the economy,including power,rail and road transport.The machine building industry caters the requirements of equipment for basic industries such as steel,non-ferrous metals,fertilizers,refineries, petrochemicals,shipping,paper,cement,sugar,etc.

Performance of Industry

Industrial sector registered a growth of 5.8per cent for the period April-July 2011-12 as compared to 9.7per cent in the corresponding period of 2010-11.The growth in the manufacturing,mining and electricity sectors during April-July, 2011-12 over the corresponding period of 2010-11 have been 1.1 per cent, 6.0 per cent and 9.4 per cent respectively, which moved the overall growth in the General Index to 5.8 per cent

Capital goods sector has registered a growth of 7.6 per cent during April-July 2011-12 as compared to the growth of 23.1 per cent during corresponding period of 2010-11.Consumer goods, Basic goods and intermediate goods recorded growth of 4.6 per cent, 7.9 per cent and 0.8per cent, respectively during April-July 2011-12 as compared to 10.0 per cent 5.2 per cent and 10.1 in same order.

The consumer durables sector recorded a growth of 4.2per cent in April-July 2011-12 as compared to 18.4 per cent in the corresponding period of the year 2010-11.The Consumer non-durables sector grew at 4.9 per cent dueing 2011-12 as compared to 3.8 per cent in 2010-11.

Sub-Sectors of Heavy Industry

Heavy Industry deals with the following 19 Industrial Sub-sector:

(i) Boilers
(ii) Cement Machinery
(iii) Dairy Machinery
(iv) Electrical Furnace
(v) Freight Containers
(vi) Material Handling Equipment
(vii) Metallurgical Machinery
(viii) Mining Machinery
(ix) Machine Tools
(x) Oil Field Equipment
(xi) Printing Machinery
(xii) Pulp an Paper Machinery
(xiii) Rubber Machinery
(xiv) Switchgear and Control Gear
(xv) Shunting Locomotive
(xvi) Sugar Machinery
(xvii) Turbines & Generator Set
(xviii) Transformers
(xix) Textile Machinery

Heavy Electrical Industry is an important manufacturing sector, catering to the need of energy sector & other industrial sectors. Major equipments like boilers, turbo generators, turbines, transformers, condensers, switch gears and relays and related accessories are manufactured by Heavy Electrical Equipment manufacturers. The performance of this Industry is closely linked to the power programme of the country. The Government of India has an ambitious mission of ‘Power for All by 2012’ and planned power capacity addition of 78,577 MW in the 11th five year plan (2007-12).

There is a strong manufacturing base for the manufacture of Heavy Electrical equipments in the country. Manufacturers of Heavy Electrical equipment have absorbed latest technology available in the world up to a unit capacity of 660 MW and gearing up for adopting super-critical technology for unit size of 800 MW and above for thermal sets.

Industry is augmenting its installed capacity to meet the ambitious 11th Plan target and future growth of installation of nuclear reactors in the country. Gas turbines upto 260 MW Unit capacity and Transmission and Distribution equipment up to higher voltage class of 765 KV are also being manufactured by Indian Industry.

Two Development Councils functioning under the Department, relating to Capital Goods & Engineering Industries i.e. Development Council for Machine Tool Industry and Development Council for Textile Machinery have been reconstituted.

Turbines and Generator Sets

The capacity established for manufacture of various kinds of turbines such as steam and hydro turbines including industrial turbines is more than 18000 MW per annum.

Apart from BHEL which has the largest installed capacity,there are other units in the private sector who are manufacturing turbines for power generation and industrial use. The manufacturing range of BHEL includes Steam turbines, Boilers, Generators up to 500 MW for utility and combined cycle application and is capable of manufacturing Steam Turbines and matching generators up to 800 MW size. BHEL has the capacity to manufacture gas turbines up to 260 MW.The AC Generator industry in India is adequately catering to the alternative power requirement of large and small industries,commercial establishments and domestic sector. For this sector, manufacturers in India are capable of manufacturing AC Generators right from 0.5 KVA to 25000 KVA with specified voltage ratings.

As per SIA statistics, production figures for the last three years for non SSI Sectors are as under:

 

Figures in US$ Million
Product 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 
Turbines(steam hydro) 721.67 860.10 1,113.44 
Electric Generators 302.39 364.74 434.20

 

Source-Secretariat for Industrial Assistance (SIA)

Boilers

Boiler is a pressurised system in which water is vaporised to steam, the desired end product, by heat transferred from a source of higher temperature, usually the products of combustion from burning fuels. High pressure steam thus generated may be used directly as the working fluid in a prime mover to convert thermal energy to mechanical work, which in turn may be converted to electrical energy.BHEL is the largest manufacturer of boiler in the country accounting for around 2/3rd of the domestic market share. It has the capacity to manufacture steam generators for utilities ranging from 30 MW to 500 MW capacity using coal, lignite, oil, natural gas or a combination of these fuels. They are also manufacturing higher capacity boilers with super critical parameters upto 800 MW Unit size.Manufacturing facilities are also available for higher size super critical boilers.

As per SIA statistics, production figures for the last three years for non SSI Sectors are as under:-

 

Figures in US$ Million
Product 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 
Boiler 1,688.48  2,082.86  

 

Source-Secretariat for Industrial Assistance (SIA)

Transformers

A transformer is an electrical device, which changes Voltage levels and facilitate transmission, distribution and utilisation of electrical power in the most efficient and economic manner. The health of transformer Industry depends largely on the power generation and transmission system programme. The major users of this product are the State Electricity Boards, Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd. and other Industries.Some special types of transformer are also manufactured which are used for the purpose of welding, traction and electrical furnaces etc. The Transformer Industry in India has developed for over 50 years and has a well matured technology base. Energy efficient amorphous core transformers with low losses and low noise levels are also being developed to meet International requirement.

As per SIA statistics production figures for the last three years for non SSI Sectors are as under:-

 

Figures in US$ Million
Product 2007-2008 2008-09 2009-10 
Transformer 15.03 14.74 17.48

 

Source-Secretariat for Industrial Assistance (SIA)
Switchgear and Control Gear

Switchgear refers to the combination of electrical disconnects, fuses and/or circuit breakers used to isolate electrical equipment. Switchgear is used both to de-energise equipment to allow work to be done and to clear faults downstream. Switchgear & Control gear are indispensable not only in transmission and distribution of power, but anywhere where there is a need to access and control electricity.The Indian Switchgear Industry is manufacturing the entire range of circuit breakers from bulk oil, minimum oil, air blast,vacuum to sulphur hexafluoride as per standard specification. Switchgear & Control gear Industry in India is a fully developed and mature industry, producing and supplying a wide variety of switchgear and control gear items needed by the industrial and power sector. This industry sector in fact manufactures the entire voltage range from 240 V to 800 KV.

Secondary equipment such as relays used for various types of fault protection, also known as control gear, have made significant advances due to major development in the field of electronics. The digital relays are fast replacing the conventional relays due to technology advancement, compact size & its reliability. As per recent trend, in addition to protection and control of power, monitoring and signalling are becoming integral part of switchgears. With monitoring, the fault conditions can be predicted whereas signalling helps to know the status of switch gears at various locations.

As per SIA statistics, production figures for the last three years for non SSI Sectors are as under:-

Heavy Engineering Industry

Textile Machinery

The Indian textile machinery industry is a significant component of the capital goods industry.This industry comprises of over 1446 machinery and components manufacturing units with over 600 units producing complete machinery,and the remaining parts and accessories. The range includes textile machinery required for sorting,cording, processing of yarns/ fabrics and weaving.The industry is gearing itself to avail of opportunities of supplying machines required to cater to the export target of garment manufacturers post Multi Fibre Agreement (MFA).The industry is also de-licensed and foreign direct investment (FDI) upto 100 per cent under automatic route as well as technology collaboration,is allowed freely.Import of old and new machineries too is allowed freely.

As per Textiles Machinery Manufacturers Association (TMMA) with a capital investment of US$ 1,415.38 million and an installed capacity of US$ 1,650.87 million per annum , their current production, imports as well as exports are as under:

 

Figure in US$ Million
Year Production Exports Imports
2007-2008 6155 640 5255
2008-2009 4063 607 4411
2009-2010 4245 525 4500  

 

Source-Secretariat for Industrial Assistance (SIA)

Cement Machinery

Cement plants based on raw mill grinding,pyro-processing and cement grinding process technology,for capacities upto 10,000 TPD,are being manufactured in collaboration with foreign technology providers.Modern cement plants are designed for zero downtime,high product quality and better output with minimum energy consumed per unit of cement production etc.

At present,there are six major suppliers of complete cement plant machinery.With an installed capacity of around Rs 600 crore/annum,the industry is fully capable to meet the domestic demand.This industry is also de-licensed and foreign direct investment (FDI) upto 100 per cent,under automatic route as well as technology collaboration,is allowed freely. Import of old and new machineries too is allowed freely.

Sugar Machinery

Domestic manufacturers occupy a predominant position in the global scenario and are capable of manufacturing (from concept to commissioning stage) sugar plants of latest design for a capacity upto 10,000 TCD (tonnes crushing per day).

There are presently 27 units in the organised sector for the manufacture of complete sugar plants and components with an installed capacity of around US$ 41.02 million per annum.

 

Figure in US$ Million
  2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010
Import 420.51 505.64 265.23
Export 453.54 988.59 669.08

 

Source:Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence & Statistic (DGCIS)

Rubber Machinery

There are at present 10 units in the organized sector for the manufacture of rubber machinery mainly required for tyre/tube industry. The range of equipments manufactured in the country includes inter-mixer, tyre curing presses, tube splicers, bladder curing presses,tyre moulds, tyre building machines, turnet servicer, bias cutters, rubber injection moulding machine, bead wires etc.

The domestic installed capacity is about US$ 205.13 million. This industry is also de-licensed and foreign direct investment (FDI) upto 100 per cent,under automatic route as well as technology collaboration,is allowed freely. Import of old and new machineries too is allowed freely.

 

Figure in US$ Million
  2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010
Import 5.21 12.95 32.41
Export 16.83 20.77 6.79

 

Source:Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence & Statistic (DGCIS) Material Handling Equipment

The range of equipments manufactured includes crushing and screening plants, coal/ore/ash handling plant and associated equipment such as stackers, reclaimers, ship loaders/ unloaders, wagon tipplers, feeders etc. catering to the growing and rapidly changing needs of the core industries such as Coal,Cement, Power, Port, Mining, Fertilizers and Steel plants.

This industry is also de-licensed and foreign direct investment (FDI) upto 100 per cent,under automatic route as well as technology collaboration,is allowed freely. Import of old and new machineries too is allowed freely.

There are 50 units in the organised sector for the manufacture of material handling equipment. Besides, there are a number of units operating in the small-scale sector. The industry is self sufficient in meeting the domestic demand and is also capable of meeting global competition.

As per Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics (DGCI&S) the export and import figures for the last three years are as under:

 

Figure in US$ Million
  2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010
Import 236.29 365.27 394.54
Export 40.49 28.81 27.15 nbsp;

 

Source:Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence & Statistic (DGCIS)

Oil Field Equipment

The petroleum industry in India is undergoing a major change. With the ongoing process of liberalisation, the industry has been thrown open for private sector in all major areas of exploration, production, refining and marketing, and this has resulted in increased demand for the oil field and related equipments.

Domestic production covers mainly the onshore drilling equipment. Under Offshore drilling, only offshore platforms and some other technological structures are being produced locally. The major producers of these equipments are BHEL, Hindustan Shipyard,Mazagon Dock and Larsen & Toubro.

This industry is also de-licensed and foreign direct investment (FDI) upto 100 per cent,under automatic route as well as technology collaboration,is allowed freely. Import of old and new machineries too is allowed freely.

As per Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics (DGCI&S) the export and import figures for the last three years are as under:

 

Figure in US$ Million
  2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010
Import 846.55 223.17 274.15
Export 37.84 109.17 84.08

 

Source:Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence & Statistic (DGCIS)

Metallurgical Machinery

Metallurgical machinery includes equipment for mineral beneficiation, ore dressing, size reduction, steel plant equipments, foundry equipments and furnaces.

At present, there are 39 units in the organized sector engaged in the manufacture of various types of metallurgical machinery. The existing production capacity in the country is sufficient to meet the demand of these equipments in the country.

Indigenous manufacturers are in a position to supply majority of the equipments for steel plants e.g blast furnaces, sinter plants, coke ovens steel melting shop equipment, continuous casting equipment, rolling mills & finishing line.

This industry is also de-licensed and foreign direct investment (FDI) upto 100 per cent,under automatic route as well as technology collaboration,is allowed freely. Import of old and new machineries too is allowed freely.

As per Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics (DGCI&S) the export and import figures for the last three years are as under:

 

Figure in US$ Million
  2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010
Import 403.94 785.36 665.03
Export 121.15 201.55 90.29 nbsp;

 

Source:Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence & Statistic (DGCIS)

Mining Machinery

The major mining equipments are Longwall Mining Equipments, Road Header, side discharges Loader (SDL), Haulage Winder, Ventilation Fan, Load Haul dumper (LHD), Coal Cutter, Conveyors, Battery Locos, Pumps, Friction Prop, etc.

At present, there are 32 manufacturers in the organized sector, both in public and private, for underground and surface mining equipment of various types. Out of these, 17 units manufacture underground mining equipment. Majority of the requirement of the mining industry is being met by the indigenous manufacturers.

This industry is also de-licensed and foreign direct investment (FDI) upto 100 per cent,under automatic route as well as technology collaboration,is allowed freely. Import of old and new machineries too is allowed freely.

As per Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics (DGCI&S) the export and import figures for the last three years are as under:

 

Figure in US$ Million
  2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010
Import 22.61 32.30 76.27
Export 1.35 0.67 3.07

 

Source:Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence & Statistic (DGCIS)

Dairy Machinery

At present there are around 20 units in the organized sector, both in private and public sector, manufacturing Dairy Machinery equipments such as evaporators, milk refrigerators and storage tanks, milk and cream deodorizers, centrifuges, clarifiers, agitators, homogenisers, spray dryers and heat exchangers. Small Scale units are also contributing to indigenous production. The spray dryers, plate type heat exchanger and other core equipments for milk powder plant call for a high degree of polish requirement on the equipments because the presence of any micro crevices resulting from inadequate polish tends to be the incubation and breeding ground for the bacteria.

This industry is also de-licensed and foreign direct investment (FDI) upto 100 per cent,under automatic route as well as technology collaboration,is allowed freely. Import of old and new machineries too is allowed freely.

As per Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics (DGCI&S) the export and import figures for the last three years are as under:

 

Figure in US$ Million
  2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010
Import 15.58 22.99 1.34
Export 4.96 4.71 3.83

 

Source:Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence & Statistic (DGCIS)

Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs)

1. Andrew Yule & Co. Ltd.
2. Hooghly Printing Company Ltd.
3. Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd.
4. Bharat Bhari Udyog Nigam Ltd.
5. Burn Standard Company Ltd.
6. Braithwaite & Company Limited
7. Braithwaite, Burn & Jessop Construction Co. Ltd.
8. Bharat Yantra Nigam Ltd.
9. Bharat Heavy Plate And Vessels Ltd.
10. Bharat Pumps & Compressors Ltd.
11. Bridge & Roof Company (India) Ltd.
12. Richardson & Cruddas
13. Triveni Structurals Ltd.
14. Tungabhadra Steel Products Ltd.
15. Hindustan Cables Ltd.
16. Heavy Engineering Corporation Ltd.
17. HMT Ltd. (holding company with tractor division.)
18. HMT Machine Tools Ltd.
19. HMT Watches Limited
20. HMT Chinar Watches Limited
21. HMT (Bearings) Ltd.
22. HMT (International) Ltd.
23. Instrumentation Ltd.
24. Rajasthan Electronics & Instruments Ltd.
25. Scooters India Ltd.
26. Cement Corporation Of India Ltd.
27. Hindustan Paper Corporation Ltd.
28. Nagaland Pulp & Paper Company Ltd.
29. Hindustan Newsprint Ltd.
30. Hindustan Photo Films Manufacturing Company Ltd.
31. Hindustan Salts Ltd.
32. Sambhar Salts Ltd.
33. Nepa Ltd.
34. Tyre Corporation of India Ltd.
35. Engineering Projects (India) Ltd.

Useful web links

DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA

A study has been done by Ernst and Young India with the intention of providing an overview of the investment climate, taxation, forms of business organisations, and business and accounting practices in India.

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